Spatial Orientation

Phil McInnes

Spatial Orientation (position in space and spatial relationships)

Visual spatial orientation is the ability to observe the position of your body in relation to objects in the vicinity, as well as the relationship of objects to one another.


Identification of the problem (unstable spatial world):
  • Does not understand the concepts of above/below, behind/in front, underneath/over the top, left/right, next to, and is also unable to demonstrate them with movement
  • Has problems with concepts such as first, last, middle, etc., and is also unable to arrange objects in order of sequence i.e. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.
  • Is unable to estimate time, depth and distance e,g, in games, when a ball is caught or hit, the speed (time) and distance needs to be estimated - Poor handling of a ball is therefore not only always due to poor hand-eye coordination.
  • Is not sure of direction and is easily lost
Activities to aid correction:
  • Understanding of parts of the body and their relationship to one another – the child must be able to say whether the parts of the body are above, below, behind, in front, in the middle, etc.
  • Naming parts of their body as well as those of a friend
  • Carrying out of tasks, e.g stand in front of or behind a desk etc. Must also be able to say out loudly what his position is if asked
  • Imitation of another person’s movements
  • Directional games with arrows drawn on cardboard. The child must say, show and move in the direction of the arrows
  • The erection of obstacles is essential. While the child follows “his own routine,” he must report out loud on what he is doing, e.g. I climb over the cupboard, creep under the mat, etc.
Written By: Know Your Child

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